Working Capital Analysis

See Also:
Balance Sheet
How to Collect Accounts Receivable
Factoring
Working Capital from Real Estate
Quick Ratio Analysis
Current Ratio Analysis
Financial Ratios

Working Capital Analysis Definition

Working capital (WC), also known as net working capital, indicates the total amount of liquid assets a company has available to run its business. In general, the more working capital, the less financial difficulties a company has.

Working Capital Analysis Formula

Use the following formula to calculate working capital:

WC = Current assetsCurrent liabilities

Working Capital Analysis Calculation

For example, a company has $10,000 in current assets and $8,000 in current liabilities. Look at the following formula to see the calculation.

Working capital = 10,000 – 8,000 = 2,000

Applications

Working capital measures a company’s operation efficiency and short-term financial health. For example, positive working capital shows that a company has enough funds to meet its short-term liabilities. In comparison, negative working capital shows that a company has trouble in meeting its short-term liabilities with its current assets.

Working capital provides very important information about the financial condition of a company for both investors and managements. For investors, it helps them gauge the ability for a company to get through difficult financial periods. Whereas, for management members, it helps them better foresee any financial difficulties that may arise. In conclusion, it is very important for a company to keep enough working capital to handle any unpredictable difficulties.

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working capital analysis
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