I had a conversation with a prospect that needed working capital funding. He asked, “What does a lender want to know?” I hear this from every prospect I meet with. So, I gave my normal answer, “We will need personal and business financial statements, a completed application, detailed information on accounts receivable and inventory, and that is just the beginning.” After leaving the prospect, I realized not only did I not answer his question, but also I have never totally answered that question. I now know, the prospect is really asking me what information the lender is looking for so he can get the money.
When I answered this question in the past, I just gave a list of requirements and never explained why they were important to the lending decision process. This information is telling the company’s story to the lender. To start with, think of the financial statement you provide the lender as a score card. In the lender’s mind the more income you make the higher your score. As an example, the more runs a baseball team scores the more powerful the team is.
How much money do you want to borrow? The lender needs this information to determine the potential to loan you money.
Why do you want the money and how will it be used? Think of this one as if your child or family member asked to borrow money from you. I believe you would want to know what they were going to do with the money.
Amazingly, lenders want to be repaid as you would if you were loaning money. So they consider such things for their repayment as liquidating equipment or injecting additional capital from personal funds.
Who will guarantee the loan? From the lender’s point of view, you must be 100% sure of your ability to repay the loan. And, you must be willing to put your personal assets on the line. Otherwise, they would be risking their job by making a potentially bad loan.
The better you tell your story the better your chances are of getting the money.
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