See Also:

Return on Equity Analysis

Required Rate of Return

Return on Asset Analysis

Financial Ratios

Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)

# Return on Invested Capital (**ROIC**) Definition

The return on invested capital (ROIC) is the percentage amount that a company is making for every percentage point over the [Cost of Capital|Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC). More specifically the return on investment capital is the percentage return that a company makes over its invested capital. However, the invested capital is measured by the monetary value needed, instead of the assets that were bought. Therefore invested capital is the amount of long-term debt plus the amount of common and preferred shares.

## Return on Invested Capital (**ROIC**) Formula

The return on invested capital formula is as follows:

Net Operating Profit After Tax (NOPAT)/Invested Capital = **ROIC**

NOPAT – This is the operating profit in the income statement minus taxes. It should be noted that the interest expense has not been taken out of this equation.

Invested Capital – This is the total amount of long term debt plus the total amount of equity, whether it is from common or preferred. The last part of invested capital is to subtract the amount of cash that the company has on hand.

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### Return on Invested Capital (**ROIC**) Example

For example, Bob is in charge of Rolly Polly Inc., a company that specializes in heavy agricultural and construction equipment. Bob has been curious as to how his company has been performing as of late and decides to look at the company’s return on invested capital analysis. Surprisingly, the company does not keep track of the return on invested capital ratio. Bob decides that he will go ahead and run the **ROIC** analysis, and obtains the following information:

Long-term debt – $25 million

Shareholder’s Equity – $75 million

Operating Profit – $20 million

Tax Rate – 35%

WACC – 11%

Plugging these numbers into the formula Bob finds the following:

$20 million – (20 million * 35%) = $13 million

$13 million/($25 milion + $75 million) = .13 or 13% = **ROIC**

To see how well the company is actually generating a return, Bob then compares the 13% to the WACC which is 11%. Thus, Bob find that the company is generating 2% more in profits than it cost to keep operations going.

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if we are calculating ROIC for 3rd quarter results, what NOPAT figure we should use ?

Year to date (YTD) NOPAT or annualize the NOPAT?

if annualizing, is it simply (NOPAT/3)*4

or actual NOPAT YTD + 4th quarter budgeted amount?

You should use the trailing 12-month results to calculate NOPAT so Q4’16 + Q1’17 + Q2’17 + Q3’17