“The “5 C’s of credit” or “5 C’s of banking” are a common reference to the major elements of a banker’s analysis when considering a request for a loan. Namely, these are Cash Flow, Collateral, Capital, Character and Conditions. This article will provide an in-depth description of each of the 5 C’s of credit or banking to help you understand what your banker needs to understand about your business in order to approve your loan. By the end of this article, you will have insight as to where your banker is coming from. As a result, it will better prepare you to handle their questions and concerns.
Cash Flow is the first “C” of the 5 C’s of Credit (5 C’s of Banking). Your banker needs to be certain that your business generates enough cash flow to repay the loan that you are requesting. In order to determine this, the banker will be looking at your company’s historical and projected cash flow and compare that to the company’s projected debt service requirements. There are a variety of credit analysis metrics used by bankers to evaluate this. A commonly used methodology is the “Debt Service Coverage Ratio” generally defined as follows…”
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