Debt Service Coverage Ratio

Debt Service Coverage Ratio

See also:
Operating Income (EBIT)
Financial Ratios
EBITDA Definition
Loan Agreement
Time Interest Earned Ratio Analysis
Net Income
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio
Times Interest Earned Ratio
Free Cash Flow

Debt Service Coverage Ratio

The debt service coverage ratio (DSCR) is a financial ratio that measures the company’s ability to pay their debts. In broad terms the DSCR is defined as the cash flow of the company divided by the total debt service.
A DSCR > 1.0 indicates that the company is generating sufficient cash flow to pay their debts. A DSCR < 1.0 should be a cause for concern because it indicates that the company is negatively cash flowing.

Debt Service Coverage Ratio formula:

DSCR calculation = EBIT divided by (interest + (principal/ 1-tax rate)
In some cases in calculating the debt service coverage ratio EBITDA is used instead of EBIT since EBITDA is a closer approximation of cash flow. When calculating the debt service ratio denominator leases should be included along with other debt service costs.

Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) example:

Net Income = $643,800 Interest Expense = $240,000 Taxes = $331,655 Principal Payments = $300,000 Tax Rate = 34%
DSCR numerator = EBIT = $643,800 + $240,000 + $331,655 = $1,215,455
DSCR denominator = interest + (principal payments / (1-tax rate)) = $240,000 + ($300,000 / (1-34%) = $695,545
DSCR = $1,215,455 / $695,545 = 1.75

Uses of Debt Service Coverage Ratio:

The DSCR is used as a financial tool for trend analysis. By following the increase or decrease of the DSCR over time a company can determine if they are building liquidity in the businessBenchmarking the DSCR against other companies in similar industries is useful in setting goals for the corporation to attain.
Finally, the DSCR is often used in loan covenants for triggering a default if deteriorating financial results occur.
debt service coverage ratio


Does your Accounting Department Produce Net Income?

Coaching the Entrepreneur: Learn how to know what you don’t know. How much should I spend on accounting for my company?     I have been in the accounting profession for 32 years, and for the last 6 years, I’ve owned my own consulting firm to assist companies with accounting challenges. There is one common theme that I

Read More »

Is Mexico the New China?

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and escalating tensions with China, American companies are actively seeking alternatives to mitigate their supply chain risks and reduce dependence on Chinese manufacturing. Nearshoring, the process of relocating operations closer to home, has emerged as an explosive opportunity for American and Mexican companies to collaborate like never before.

Read More »


Financial Leadership Workshop

MARCH 28TH-31ST 2022


Financial Leadership Workshop


August 7-10th, 2023

WIKI CFO® - Browse hundreds of articles
Skip to content