Agency Costs
Agency Costs

See Also:
Are You Collecting the Data You Need to Run Your Business?
Average Cost
Sunk Costs
Restructuring Expense
Joint Costs
Commercial Agents

Agency Costs Definition

The agency costs definition is the internal costs incurred from asymmetric information or conflicts of interest between principals and agents in an organization.
In a corporation, the principals would be the shareholders and the agents would be the managers. The shareholders want the managers to run the company in a way that maximizes shareholder value. Conversely, the managers may want to run the company in a way that maximizes the managers’ own personal power or wealth, even if it lowers the market value of the company. These divergent interests can result in agency costs. There are three common types of agency costs: monitoring, bonding, and residual loss.
[box](NOTE: Want the Pricing for Profit Inspection Guide? It walks you through a step-by-step guide to maximizing your profits on each side. Get it here!)[/box]

Types of Agency Costs

When the principals attempt to monitor or restrict the actions of agents, they incur. Learn about the types of agency costs below:

Monitoring Costs

For example, the board of directors at a company acts on behalf of shareholders to monitor and restrict the activities of management. This is to ensure that behavior maximizes shareholder value. The cost of having a board of directors is therefore, at least to some extent, considered an agency monitoring cost. Costs associated with issuing financial statements and employee stock options are also monitoring costs.

Bonding Costs

Furthermore, an agent may commit to contractual obligations that limit or restrict the agent’s activity. For example, a manager may agree to stay with a company even if the company is acquired. The manager must forego other potential employment opportunities. Consider that implicit cost an agency bonding cost.

Residual Losses

Residual losses are the costs incurred from divergent principal and agent interests despite the use of monitoring and bonding.
Calculate agency costs when setting prices and start pricing for profit. If you want to price for profit, then download the free Pricing for Profit Inspection Guide.
Agency Costs Definition, Types of Agency Costs, Agency Costs
[box]Strategic CFO Lab Member Extra
Access your Strategic Pricing Model Execution Plan in SCFO Lab. The step-by-step plan to set your prices to maximize profits.
Click here to access your Execution Plan. Not a Lab Member?
Click here to learn more about SCFO Labs[/box]
Agency Costs Definition, Types of Agency Costs, Agency Costs

ARTICLES YOU MIGHT LIKE

Financial Ratios

See also: Quick Ratio Analysis Price to Book Value Analysis Price Earnings Growth Ratio Analysis Time Interest Earned Ratio Analysis Use of Financial Ratios Financial Ratios are used to measure financial performance against standards. Analysts compare financial ratios to industry averages (benchmarking), industry standards or rules of thumbs and against internal trends (trends analysis). The

Read More »

Margin vs Markup

See Also: Gross Profit Margin Analysis Retail Markup Chart of Accounts (COA) Margin Percentage Calculation Markup Percentage Calculation Margin vs Markup Differences Is there a difference between margin vs markup? Absolutely. More and more in today’s environment, these two terms are being used interchangeably to mean gross margin, but that misunderstanding may be the menace

Read More »

Markup Percentage Calculation

See Also: Margin vs Markup Margin Percentage Calculation Retail Markup Gross Profit Margin Ratio Analysis Operating Profit Margin Ratio Analysis Markup Percentage Definition Define the markup percentage as the increase on the cost price. The markup sales are expressed as a percentage increase as to try and ensure that a company can receive the proper

Read More »

JOIN OUR NEXT SERIES

Financial Leadership Workshop

MARCH 28TH-31ST 2022

THE ART OF THE CFO®

Financial Leadership Workshop

Days
Hours
Min

September 12-15th 2022

Days
Hours
Min
SHARE THIS ARTICLE

JOIN THE NEXT STRATEGIC CFO™ WORKSHOP SERIES

Strategic CFO™ Financial Leadership Workshop
The Art Of The CFO®

Days
Hours
Min

February 27 - March 2, 2023

Skip to content