The bottom up approach definition is when the investing involves picking out certain securities based on how the security is priced. Bottom up approach also involves looking at the potential return and risk associated.
Unlike the top down approach, bottom up approach finance does not involve any asset allocation across industries or countries. It rather looks solely at the stock or debt and whether or not that particular security can provide a return. Bottom up approach management can contain several disadvantages because it ignores asset allocation. First, it is possible that an investor might invest solely in one industry. This is hardly a well diversified portfolio and the entire portfolio would fluctuate with that industry. Some bottom up approach advantages are that it does seek out the most attractive investment opportunities in the current marketplace.
Look at the following bottom up approach example. Dwight is looking to invest some money on hand in several securities that will provide him the best return. He decides that he would like to earn a return of 12% on the year with a deviation of 10%. He finds two securities that he believes will provide him this return. Stock A has an expected return of 14% and a standard deviation of 12%, and stock B with an expected return of 10% and a standard deviation of 8%. By combining these two stocks in a portfolio Dwight is able to earn the return he desires. It should be noted however that it is unclear whether these two stocks are in the same industry. If they were Dwight may be taking on more risk than the 10% of deviation he expects.
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