Adjusted Present Value (APV) Method of Valuation is the net present value of a project if financed solely by equity (present value of un-leveraged cash flows) plus the present value of all the benefits of financing. Use this method for a highly leveraged project.
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Thus, the APV calculation is as follows:
APV method is very similar to traditional discounted cash flow (DCF) model. However, instead of weighted average cost of capital(WACC), cash flows would be discounted at the cost of assets, and tax shields at the cost of debt. Technically, an APV valuation model combined impact of both growth and the tax shield of debt on the cost of capital, the cost of equity, and systematic risk. Thus it is a more flexible way of approaching valuation than other method. However, APV method has some flaws. Company value will be overstated when adding the tax benefits to un-levered company value to get the levered company value, especially for some companies with high debt ratios.
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