2/10 net 30, defined as the trade credit in which clients can opt to either receive a 2 percent discount for payment to a vendor within 10 days or pay the full amount (net) of their accounts payable in 30 days, is extremely common in business to business sales. Anywhere a vendor offers credit terms it is likely that they also offer some discount to motivate early payment.
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2/10 net 30 means a discount for payment within 10 days. The purpose of this is to shorten accounts receivable cycles for those who provide credit terms. This is essential when vendors have accounts receivable turnover cycles which exist longer than preferred. A business that offers a 2/10 net 30 discount is expressing that it is more important to have cash as quickly as possible than it is to have the full amount of their payable. The fact that lack of cash is one of the main reasons businesses fail makes these terms commonplace. Businesses love to offer 2/10 net 30 for 2 reasons: it makes customers happy while speeding up cash cycles.
Variations on this method include 2/10 net 40, 2/10 net 45, 2/10 net 60, 2/10 n 30 EOM (end of month), and more. These terms may also be referred to in a variety of terms: 2/10 n 45, 2/10 n 60, 2/10 days net 30, 2 percent 10 net 30 days.
The 2/10 net 30 discount makes no statement on the payment of bills beyond 30 days. Vendors may or may not have a late payment penalty for such customers. It is up to the discretion of the purchaser to decide the best method of closing accounts payable when 2/10 n 30 is available.
2/10 n 30 journal entries vary depending on the accounting method used. LIFO vs FIFO, accounting vs economic income, and many other matters make 2/10 n 30 accounting somewhat complicated. Strong company policies must be in place to ensure smooth bookkeeping.
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There is no single 2/10 net 30 formula. Despite this, 2/10 net 30 interest rate equations can often fall into this model:
If paid within 30 days:
Pay the invoice in full
2/10 net 30 calculations are quite simple once understood fully.
If paid within 10 days, then:
$10,000 X 98% = $9,800 due with in 10 days
If paid within 30 days, then:
$10,000 is due
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