2/10 net 30

See Also:
2/10 Net 30 Example
Credit Sales
Letter of Credit
Line of Credit (Bank Line)
Net 30 Credit Terms
5 C’s of Credit (5 C’s of Banking)

2/10 net 30 Definition

2/10 net 30, defined as the trade credit in which clients can opt to either receive a 2 percent discount for payment to a vendor within 10 days or pay the full amount (net) of their accounts payable in 30 days, is extremely common in business to business sales. Anywhere a vendor offers credit terms it is likely that they also offer some discount to motivate early payment.

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2/10 net 30 Meaning

2/10 net 30 means a discount for payment within 10 days. The purpose of this is to shorten accounts receivable cycles for those who provide credit terms. This is essential when vendors have accounts receivable turnover cycles which exist longer than preferred. A business that offers a 2/10 net 30 discount is expressing that it is more important to have cash as quickly as possible than it is to have the full amount of their payable. The fact that lack of cash is one of the main reasons businesses fail makes these terms commonplace. Businesses love to offer 2/10 net 30 for 2 reasons: it makes customers happy while speeding up cash cycles.

Variations on this method include 2/10 net 40, 2/10 net 45, 2/10 net 60, 2/10 n 30 EOM (end of month), and more. These terms may also be referred to in a variety of terms: 2/10 n 45, 2/10 n 60, 2/10 days net 30, 2 percent 10 net 30 days.

The 2/10 net 30 discount makes no statement on the payment of bills beyond 30 days. Vendors may or may not have a late payment penalty for such customers. It is up to the discretion of the purchaser to decide the best method of closing accounts payable when 2/10 n 30 is available.

2/10 n 30 journal entries vary depending on the accounting method used. LIFO vs FIFO, accounting vs economic income, and many other matters make 2/10 n 30 accounting somewhat complicated. Strong company policies must be in place to ensure smooth bookkeeping.

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2/10 net 30 Formula

There is no single 2/10 net 30 formula. Despite this, 2/10 net 30 interest rate equations can often fall into this model:

If paid within 10 days:
Invoice Amount X 98% = 2/10 net 30 effective interest rate

If paid within 30 days:
Pay the invoice in full

2/10 net 30 Calculation

2/10 net 30 calculations are quite simple once understood fully.

The invoice amount is $10,000 and 2/10 net 30 accounting is in place.

If paid within 10 days, then:
$10,000 X 98% = $9,800 due with in 10 days

If paid within 30 days, then:
$10,000 is due

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2/10 net 30

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2/10 net 30

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34 Responses to 2/10 net 30

  1. rowson July 4, 2014 at 7:33 am #

    if paid within 15 days,

    • Olivia Durr July 7, 2014 at 9:32 am #

      Hey there — If a payable on 2/10 net 30 terms is paid in 15 days, there is no discount because it is greater than the 10 day limit for receiving the 2% discount. So the full amount would be due.

      • muhamma June 11, 2015 at 12:29 pm #

        yeh u r right

      • carlos September 8, 2015 at 1:30 pm #

        question

        as paying party When does this period its star counting at the time on invoice created or at the goods received?

        • JayH November 13, 2015 at 8:10 am #

          After the goods are shipped (not received) or service is completed.

    • Sachin Watts January 22, 2015 at 1:14 pm #

      Hey there,
      I agree that you will be getting no trade discount if paid within 15 days but looking at it closely it makes no sense to pay on 15th day since you are already not getting discount so you should better keep that money till 30th day and deploy in some other income bearing assets.

      • john March 23, 2018 at 9:57 am #

        I always hear accountant types say this, so you guys are saying put the extra cash you have in an “income-bearing asset”? For 30 days?? What, at 1% per YEAR the banks pay? That you then have to pay tax on besides? LOL

  2. carlos September 8, 2015 at 1:28 pm #

    as paying party When does this period its star counting at the time on invoice created or at the goods received?

  3. Mike September 19, 2015 at 11:11 pm #

    What if paid after 30 days like after 32 days??

    • EG April 14, 2016 at 3:49 pm #

      Then that would be another topic – late fees. The 2/10 net 30 is pay it early – get a reward (2% savings). Now you’re paying it late – get a penalty, 2% fee perhaps? Realizing a 4% difference between paid early and late may be a motivator to some companies.
      $1,000 bill paid early = $980
      $1,000 bill paid late = $1,020

  4. Aparna June 12, 2016 at 12:48 am #

    You have purchased a home theatre package for $4,300 on credit. The company you purchased from offers you 1/7, net 30 days. What is the implied interest rate if you do not take up the discount?

    can any one solve this plzz///

    • Srik April 4, 2018 at 12:43 pm #

      If you had taken the discount you would have saved 16.02 Percent approximately.Solution- (0.02/0.98)(*365/30-7)

      • Srik April 4, 2018 at 12:45 pm #

        Correction-In the numerator it should be (0.01/0.99) and not (0.02/0.98) as the discount offered is 1 Percent. Apologies for the error.

  5. Adompapa June 17, 2016 at 2:27 am #

    Since you did not take the offer, you pay the invoiced amount of $4,300.00 only

  6. Anonymous October 28, 2016 at 9:56 pm #

    Sweet. I definitely want to test this.

  7. Belay February 9, 2017 at 1:57 am #

    Hi can I ask you some question please

  8. Belay February 9, 2017 at 2:03 am #

    question 1. on May 1,2005 , BBD drug store purchased $54,000of sanitary product from AFCO sanitary product share company , terms 2/10,n/eom.on may 5,2005 Discovered and returned $10,000 of defective goods and on that date received credit memo from seller.BBD settled the outstanding balance in full on may 11,2005.
    So, how can we record or can this person get discount or not ?

  9. Johnny H Evans February 23, 2017 at 5:18 pm #

    If I offer 2% discount, when should the payment be made? I have customers writing the check and dating it on the 10th day but I often don’t receive payment until 13 or 14 days from the discount day. Is this common practice?

    • Laura July 5, 2017 at 12:26 pm #

      Have the same thing, would like to know as well!

      • laura March 6, 2018 at 2:55 pm #

        I’ve been searching trying to find the answer to a simple question, is it acceptable for the check do have the date of the 10th day or does it have to be received by the discounter by the 10th day and are weekend days counted as ‘days’ ????
        I have an invoice dated 2/22/18 1% 10 net 30 terms, we received the invoice in the mail on 3/2/18 so that means I need to print and mail a check by ??????

  10. Natalia Cooke April 3, 2017 at 5:49 pm #

    a contractor has purchased supplies for a supplier for 3,750.00 on november 1st. the invoice has a 2/10 net 30. if the contractor pays for the supplies on november 9th what would be the cost for the supplies?

  11. David Vicknair June 7, 2017 at 8:28 am #

    Aparna… The stated discount rate of 2% is a nominal rate. The effective discount rate is: stated discount rate/(1-stated discount rate). On 2/10, net 30 terms the effective discount rate is 2%/(1-2%) or 2.0408%. An example helps here. Assume the invoice is for $100, which means that you can pay $98 through day 10 or $100 on day 30. If we think of the discount as a cost of borrowing rather than an incentive to pay early, the $98 net invoice represents the amount borrowed and the $2 represents the cost of borrowing. Thus, $2/$98 = 2.0408%.

    Confusion arises as to how to represent the implied rate as an annualized rate. The traditional analysis divides the 30 day term into a 10 day period of free credit and a 20 day period of costly credit. Ignoring the period of free credit, it follows that there are 18 (360/20) costly credit periods in a 30/360 day year. The implied 20 day rate of 2.0408% can be expressed as an APR (annual percentage rate) of 36.734% (2.040 x 18) or as an AER (annual effective rate) of 43.865% ((1+2.0408%)^18-1)).

    But, should you ignore the period of free credit? If you rent an apartment for $980 a month if you pay by the 10th, but $1,000 if you pay by the 30th, and you choose to pay on the 30th, your rental cost is $1,000 for the entire month. Analogously, if we treat the 2.0408% implied rate on 2/10, net 30 as relating to the entire 30 day period, then there are only 12 (360/30), 30 day periods in a year and so the APR is 24.489% (2.0408% x 360/30) and the AER is ((1+2.0408%)^12-1)).

    Suffice it to say, in either case, that if you cannot take advantage of the free credit, then you are probably better off negotiating a line of credit with the bank. This becomes increasingly important as your average level of outstanding trade credit rises.

    Hope this helps,

    • Tori September 17, 2017 at 12:38 pm #

      This was quite possibly the most helpful explanation I’ve ever seen for this. Thank you

  12. Samantha July 30, 2017 at 2:52 am #

    Hi, could you please assist me with the below question?
    I’ve been doing research and I can’t seem to get the correct answer.

    Calculate the cost to a firm foregoing the following cash discount: 4/10 net 30 EOM, assuming a 360-day year.

    1. 48%
    2. 60%
    3. 72%
    4. 75%

  13. 1762 December 17, 2017 at 1:39 am #

    Hello, I need a little help
    Journalize the following transactions for the seller, Anderson Company, using the gross method to account for sales discounts. Assume a perpetual inventory system. Make sure to enter the day for each separate transaction.

    December 1 Sold goods costing $7,800 to Perry Company on account, $13,000, terms 2/10, n/30. The goods are sold FOB shipping point, freight prepaid by seller, $90.
    December 7 Perry Company returned damaged merchandise previously purchased on account, $2,900.
    December 12 Received the amount due from Perry Company.

    Note: The entry to record the shipping payment to the delivery company is not required in this problem.

    • preeti May 25, 2018 at 2:31 am #

      48%

  14. Nia Luna March 4, 2018 at 1:23 am #

    If the customer didn’t pay after 30 days, he can’t have the discount right?

    • Ramendra April 26, 2018 at 4:14 am #

      Discount right is only applicable when the debtors pay within 10 days

  15. Ed March 15, 2018 at 7:35 am #

    I’m a customer that wants to take advantage of a 2% net 10 payment terms.

    What is the best way to approach a vendor that doesn’t offer a cash discount in there current payment term of net 30.

  16. Ramendra April 26, 2018 at 4:08 am #

    Hey!if the credit sales is 12 lakh and the scheme is 1/10,net 45and average collection period is 30 days.And 50%of customers in terms of sales revenue are expected to avail cash discount under this scheme.how we calculate cash discount

  17. Ramendra April 26, 2018 at 4:24 am #

    Discount right is only applicable when the debtors pay within 10 days

  18. Jumhengji May 31, 2018 at 9:17 am #

    Does this apply to partial payments?

  19. April Woody July 10, 2018 at 3:16 pm #

    When do you make a general journal entry for merchandise purchased with the transportation terms F.O.B destination? The day the purchase is made or the day you receive the merchandise?

  20. Sandra Stewart September 5, 2018 at 10:35 am #

    Hi, could you please assist me with the below question?
    I’ve been doing research and I can’t seem to get the correct formula how to calculate

    Lucarelli, Inc., an Italian sportswear manufacturer, has been given net 60-day terms by all of its suppliers. Last year, the company purchased $4,200,000 of inventory and paid its trade at an average of 60 days. A major supplier that provides 30 percent of Lucarelli’s material has changed its terms to net 45 days.

    Assuming purchases remain the same this year and Lucarelli agrees to pay on these new terms, what effect will this change have on Lucarelli’s financing needs?

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