Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Definition

The gross domestic product is the value of goods and services produced in a national economy usually over a year, but can be any period of time.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Explained

The GDP, defined is the primary indicator of a country’s economy over time. Gross domestic product history can tell a lot about the ups and downs of a country’s economy. The GDP normally includes private and government sectors as well as foreign businesses that operate within the confines of the nations border. However, the GDP does not include the overseas operations of the nation’s local businesses. One thing that does include the overseas operations is the gross national product or GNP. There is also a nominal GDP as well as a real GDP. These are GDP measurements that account or do not account for inflation. The nominal GDP does not account for inflation and is known as the current dollar rating for GDP. The real GDP does account for inflation and gives us a true and reliable number for GDP.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Formula

The gross domestic product formula is as follows:

GDP = Consumption + Gross Investments + Government Spending + (Exports – Imports)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Example

Ted is a employee for the government of Brechenstein, and he is currently trying to find the gross domestic product for his nation. He begins gathering information where he can and finds several facts needed to calculate the GDP. He found the private consumption to be $2 billion for the nation. Gross investments were found to be $10 billion, and the government spending was at a record level of $15 billion. The total amount of exports exceeded the imports by $1 billion. Thus using the formula above the total GDP for Brechenstein was found to be $28 billion.


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gross domestic product

See Also:
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
What is Inflation?
What is Deflation?
Currency Exchange Rates
Economic Indicators

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