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Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE)

Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) Definition

The Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) is among the world’s largest by trading volume and market capitalization. Furthermore, the TSE listed firms are around 2,400.

Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) Meaning

The TSE indexes are both the Nikkei 225 and the TOPIX index. The Nikkei is a price weighted index for the top 225 Japanese companies. Whereas, the TOPIX index is a value weighted index of the “first section” companies. The TSE exchange has three different groups or sections to the market. The first section includes the largest companies in Japan as well as whoever would like to be listed on the TSE market. Then the second section contains mid-sized firms. Finally, the third section is commonly known as the “Mothers” section. The Mothers section of the TSE is for smaller companies that are emerging or are in a high growth stage of development.

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tokyo stock exchange

See Also:
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
National Stock Exchange of India (NSE)
London Stock Exchange (LSE)
Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

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Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

See Also:
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants – AICPA
Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
Full Disclosure Principle
Corporate Veil
Investment Banks
Treasury Stock
Accounting Fraud Targeted

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Definition

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is a U.S. government agency that is responsible for protecting the well being of investors. The SEC performs this function by regulating securities whether it is public company stocks, bonds, or any other security issued into the U.S. market.

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Meaning

The Securities and Exchange Commission was created in 1934 to try and rid the market of unfair or corrupt practices. This meant that all publicly traded companies had to present audited financial statements, and meet all other requirements that the SEC established. The idea is to protect the everyday investor who does not have extensive knowledge of markets or securities. Five commissioners operate the SEC, and the President of the United States appoints them. Furthermore, a requirement is that there can only be three members at the most from a single political party. The President also appoints one of these members to be a chairman; however, no one is able to fire them once the President appoints these commissioners. This allows the commissioners to operate in the best interest of the people without worrying about losing his/her job.

Four Divisions of SEC

The SEC has four main divisions Corporation Finance, Trading and Markets, Investment Management, and Enforcement. Each of these has a separate responsibility towards certain securities and how they are offered into the market. Overall, the Securities and Exchange Commission duties have been performed up to par. However, there have been times in which fraud or insider trading has been routed out meaning that the SEC must amend what it is doing to try and avoid the same problems in the future and protect investors.

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securities and exchange commission (sec)

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Secondary Market Definition

See Also:
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Secondary Market
Primary Market
Securities Act of 1933
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

Secondary Market Definition

A secondary market definition is the trading of already issued securities – the primary market. Furthermore, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 regulates these securities.

Secondary Market Meaning

Many know secondary markets better than the primary markets. This is because the secondary markets are more readily available to the average investor. They are also often in the form of exchanges. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) are examples of this type of exchange. Then, these are regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) under the 1934 Act of Securities Exchange. Furthermore, this is to ensure the accuracy of the companies whose securities are trading on the market.

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secondary market definition

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Proprietary Trading

Proprietary Trading Definition

Proprietary trading definition is the act of companies profiting directly from the market rather than working on a commission basis. Several companies who have a competitive advantage in an area of trade often do this.

Proprietary Trading Meaning

Larger companies who have expertise in a certain market usually perform proprietary trading. For example, an energy company will have extensive knowledge of how oil and gas will be traded. These companies use this advantage to their benefit. It can however get out of hand when a large company has the ability to manipulate the trading amounts. For example, Enron exuberated too much control over the trading energy numbers. If done correctly, then proprietary trading can provide major benefits to a company and provide some well made profits over time.


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proprietary trading definition

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proprietary trading definition

See Also:
Exchange Traded Funds
Currency Exchange Rates
How to Select Your Commercial Insurance Broker
Capital Gains
Credit Rating Agencies

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National Stock Exchange of India (NSE)

See Also:
Common Stock Definition
Over the Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB)
Currency Exchange Rates
Non-Investment Grade Bonds (Unsecured Debentures)
Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)

National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) Definition

The National Stock Exchange of India or NSE for short is the largest stock exchange market in India. It is the third largest in the world in terms of trading volume as well as the second fastest growing in the world today.

National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) Meaning

Located in Mumbai, India the NSE stock exchange was started by the Indian government in the year 1992. The National Stock Exchange is the largest next to the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). It can be used for most of the markets that you would find in any of the stock exchanges like stocks, bonds, futures, derivatives, mutual funds, etc. The NSE’s hours are from 9:00 AM – 3:30 PM Indian Time. The two leading owners in the NSE stock is the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) as well as Goldman Sachs. Other owners include local banks and financial institutions around India.

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National Stock Exchange of India

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National Stock Exchange of India

 

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New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

See Also:
National Stock Exchange of India (NSE)
Proprietary Trading
Coupon Rate Bond
Currency Exchange Rates

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) Definition

Located in New York City, the New York Stock Exchange is the world’s largest exchange according to its market capitalization around $12.5 million. It is an exchange for financial items like stocks, bonds, currency, etc.

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) Meaning

The NYSE exchange was founded in the year 1817 to ease the exchange for transactions. This stock exchange contains several different indexes like the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the NYSE composite. The NYSE composite is not as widely used, but the Dow Jones is considered one of the leading indicators of how well the market is doing as a whole. This is because the Dow Jones measures how well some of the largest companies in the world are performing. In order to stay current with the NASDAQ and grow internationally, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) acquired Archipelago in 2005, and then went into a merger with Euronext in early 2007. These two moves brought the NYSE up to date with electronic trading and it also established the NYSE as a world player.

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London Stock Exchange (LSE)

London Stock Exchange (LSE) Definition

The London Stock Exchange or LSE is one of the largest exchange markets in the world in terms of trading volume and market capitalization. It also contains around 3,000 company listings. Furthermore, the first exchange established is the LSE(1801).

London Stock Exchange (LSE) Explained

The LSE History begins in 1801 when the Muscovy Company and the East India Company could not finance voyages to the east to China and India. The two companies passed shares in exchange for cash. In exchange, they promised these shareholders an amount of the profits. Thus, the LSE was established in 1801. The LSE market is owned today by the London Stock Exchange Group. Its trading hours are from 8:00 AM to 4:30PM local time. In addition, the LSE uses electronic trading using a system called SETS or Stock Exchange Electronic Trading Service. The main index for the LSE exchange is the FTSE 100 which shows the top 100 businesses listed on the LSE Market.

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London Stock Exchange

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London Stock Exchange

See Also:
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE)
National Stock Exchange of India (NSE)
Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

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