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International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)

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Financial Instruments
Finance Beta Definition
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)
Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
Financial Ratios

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)

The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are a set of rules and standards for preparing financial statements. An organization called the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) issued the IFRS.

The goal of the IFRS is to standardize the regulations and procedures for financial statement preparation around the world. Currently, many countries have their own sets of standards for accounting rules and regulations for financial statement preparation. Furthermore, across the globe, many countries are beginning to conform to the IFRS.

IFRS standards apply to financial statements such as the balance sheet, the income statement, the statement of cash flows, a statement of owner’s equity, and accompanying notes to financial statements. Furthermore, the IFRS cover such things as underlying assumptions and qualitative characteristics of financial statement preparation. The IFRS also covers the basic elements of financial statements – assets, liabilities, equity, income, expenses – and the proper way to recognize these elements.

IAS – IFRS

The IFRS were established in 2001. Prior to that date (from 1973 to 2001), the International Accounting Standards (IAS) were the set of rules and regulations recognized worldwide. Then the IAS was incorporated into the IFRS.

International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)

If you want more information regarding IASB and IFRS, then go to: iasb.org

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International Financial Reporting Standards

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International Financial Reporting Standards

Further reading

Original texts of IAS/IFRS, SIC and IFRIC adopted by the Commission of the European Communities and published in Official Journal of the European Union http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/accounting/ias_en.htm#adopted-commission

International Accounting Standards Board (2007): International Financial Reporting Standards 2007 (including International Accounting Standards (IAS(tm)) and Interpretations as at 1 January 2007), LexisNexis, ISBN 1-4224-1813-8

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Operating Leases Going Away?

The FASB (Financial Accounting Standards Board) and the IASB (International Accounting Standards Board) are recommending that the use of operating leases be scrapped. In addition, they are recommending that you treat all leases as capital leases. For over 40 years, FAS 13 has been the standard. But this step will change all that.

Operating Leases Going Away?

Under the proposed rules operating leases will be capitalized with both an asset and a liability account. Rent expense would go away and depreciation and interest expense would take it’s place.

Why is this important to a CFO? It’s the financial ratios! EBITDA no longer becomes useful in valuing a company. Your debt to equity ratio becomes inflated and the debt service coverage ratio becomes compressed. You will have to modify all your bank covenants to reflect the new presentation.

The question is: does this increased complexity add value to the process of evaluating the financial performance of a company? We will have to wait and see. Until July 2010 the accounting regulators are soliciting comments to their proposed changes. Implementation would not begin until 2011.

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operating leases
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operating leases

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