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Treasury Inflation Protected Securities

Treasury Inflation Protected Securities

Treasury Inflation Protected Securities or TIPS for short are debt instruments that are issued by the U.S. government. TIPS are indexed with the Consumer Price Index (CPI), and adjust accordingly to the inflation rate presented in the CPI.

Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS) Explained

Treasury TIPS means that the security will adjust for inflation or deflation on whether the CPI increases or decreases. Because of this extra protection from inflation rates, TIPS owners are forced to pay more in taxes, a major disadvantage, when the security matures or it is sold. Treasury tips are normally sold with 5, 10, or 30 year maturities in denominations of $1,000 or more.

Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (TIPS) Example

Timmy has just invested in a TIPS note which has a 4% rate of return and a 10 year maturity. The following results are how an inflation protected security react to inflation and the market.

If interest rates rise by 1% in the first year then the principal would change to $1,010 (1,000 * 1.01). Thus the coupon rate would be calculated by taking 4% * $1,010 which equals a coupon payment of $40.40.

If the interest rates were to rise again by 2% then the new principal would change to $1,020 ($1,000 * 1.02), and the coupon payment would be 4% * $1,020 which equals $40.8.

Note: The new coupon payment and interest will change in the same manner no matter if deflation or inflation occurs.

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treasury inflation protected securities
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treasury inflation protected securities

See Also:
Treasury Securities
Treasury Notes (t notes)

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Coupon Rate Bond

See Also:
Common Stock
Company Valuation
Convertible Debt Instrument
Covenant Definition of a Bond Contract
Long Term Debt
Non-Investment Grade Bonds
Owner’s Equity
Par Value of a Bond
Preferred Stocks

Coupon Rate Bond

The coupon rate bond is the annual interest rate the issuer pays to the bondholder. The rate is expressed as a percentage of the bond’s face value. Bond coupon rates are quoted as annual rates, but the bond coupons are typically paid semi-annually.

For example, an investor holding a bond with a $1,000 face value and a 10% annual bond coupon will receive $100 in interest yearly until the bond matures. At maturity the investor will receive the principal, also called the face value or the par value, plus the final coupon payment. Similarly, an investor holding a bond with a $1,000 face value and a 10% semi-annual coupon will receive $50 in interest every six months until maturity.

Bond Coupon Definition

A bond coupon refers to the interest payments the bond issuer pays to the bondholder periodically until the bond matures. Bond coupon rates are quoted as annual rates, but the coupons are typically paid semi-annually. The term “coupon” stems from the days when bondholders would actually tear detachable coupons from the bond certificate and turn them in to the bond issuer on certain dates to redeem the interest payments.

coupon rate bond

 

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