Tag Archives | accounts payable

Time Saving Tip for Filing Vendor Invoices

See Also:
Accounts Payable Turnover
Accounts Receivable
Accounts Receivable Turnover
Chart of Accounts (COA)
Problems in Chart of Accounts Design

Current Practice

How do you file your paid vendor invoices? Alphabetically? Who taught you to do it that way? Have you ever wondered why?

How often do you go back and research a paid accounts payable invoice? How much time does it take?

Have you ever thought that there might be a better way?

History

Filing vendor invoices alphabetically has been a practice since before the time of computers. With accounting theory in existence for centuries it is safe to say that the practice has been in place for some time. In a manual environment, it is useful to be able to research invoices, especially if there is a lot of volume involved. But is it necessary in today’s computer environment to manually sort data?

Best Practice for Filing Vendor Invoices

By using the computer to sort for information, you no longer need to do so manually. Once a vendor invoice has been paid you should then file it in check number sequence or by date. This practice will save both the time to prepare the file folders, sort the paid invoices and the filing of those invoices. Additional benefits include not having to use as much supplies nor take as much space to store.’

Arguments Against

The most common argument against this best practice (other than that’s not the way we have been doing it!) is that we need to be able to go back to the original invoice. There might be certain situations such as construction job costing that would require you to review previous bids. However, most often this objection can be countered by recording the required information in the computer, negating the need to go to the source document. In fact, as more companies adopt scanning of original source documents the ability to use a manual filing system will go away.

Conclusion

If you have not re-engineered your filing practices for paid vendor invoices then you are not realizing all of the time savings efficiencies of the computer. In fact, your system is a hybrid manual and computer system. Instead of designing your accounting system around the computer, you take the computer and wrapped it around your manual system!

filing vendor invoices

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Quick Ratio Analysis Benchmark Example

Quick Ratio Analysis Benchmark Example

Quick ratio calculation is a useful skill for any business that may face cash flow issues. Furthermore, quick assets include those current assets that presumably can be quickly converted to cash at close to their book values. It normally includes cash, marketable securities, and some accounts receivables.

Current liabilities represent financial obligations that come due within one year. It normally included accounts payable, notes payable, short-term loans, current portion of term debt, accrued expenses and taxes.

For example, a business has $5,000 in current assets, $1,000 in inventories and $2,500 in current liabilities.

Quick ratio = (5,000 – 1,000) / 2,500 = 1.6

Since we subtracted current inventory, it means that for every dollar of current liabilities there are $1.6 of easily convertible assets.

Quick Ratio Example

The following is a quick ratio analysis benchmark example. Suzy has started a boutique-style bakery which is mainly servicing customers who desire wedding cakes. Suzy, who works in a trade which she is truly passionate about, is by no means an expert in financial statements. She is, however, an expert in the operations of her business. She knows that if she wants to scale, something that her customers are driving her to as much as her own desires for financial success, she needs a partner who can provide the business expertise. About the time she realizes this Suzy meets Monica, an experienced restauranteur. The two women quickly develop a rapport. Suzy learns that Monica is looking for a new deal and communicates her needs over lunch. They resolve, after a testing period, to support each other by applying their expertise to Suzy’s business. The two women become partners.

Calculation

Monica knows that lack of cash is one of the main reasons that causes any business, especially in food-service, to close doors. As Monica takes her initial look at the financial statements of the business she keeps this in mind.

Monica wants to know if the company can pay its debts. Due to the fact that the business desperately needs all inventory to continue scaling, she resolves to use quick ratio vs current ratio calculation. Since there is no quick ratio accounting calculator, she performs this calculation:

If:

Current Assets = $5,000 Inventory = $1,000 Current Liabilities = $2,500

Quick ratio = (5,000 – 1,000) / 2,500 = 1.6

This means that for every dollar of current liabilities there are $1.6 of easily convertible assets.

This is a major relief to Monica. Finishing her analysis of the company statements Monica feels very confident. As long as employee turnover remains the same the two women have avoided two of the most important issues a business could face.

quick ratio analysis benchmark example

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quick ratio analysis benchmark example

See Also:

Quick Ratio Analysis

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Operating Cycle Analysis

See Also:
Operating Cycle Definition
days inventory outstanding
Cash Cycle
day sales outstanding
days payable outstanding
Financial Ratios

Operating Cycle Formula

Complete operating cycle analysis calculations simply with the following formula:

Operating cycle = DIO + DSO – DPO

Where

DIO represents days inventory outstanding

DSO represents day sales outstanding

DPO represents days payable outstanding

Operating Cycle Calculation

Calculating operating cycle may seem daunting but results in extremely valuable information.

DIO = (Average inventories / cost of sales) * 365 DSO = (Average accounts receivables / net sales) * 365

DPO = (Average accounts payables / cost sales) * 365

For example, what is the operating cycle of a business? A company has 90 days in days inventory outstanding, 60 days in days sales outstanding and 70 in days payable outstanding. See the following calculation to see how to work it out:

Operating cycle = 90 + 60 – 70 = 80

In conclusion, it takes an average 80 days for a company to turn purchasing inventories into cash sales. In regards to accounting, operating cycles are essential to maintaining levels of cash necessary to survive. As a result, maintaining a beneficial net operating cycle ratio is a life or death matter.

Resources

If you want statistical information about industry financial ratios, then go to the following websites: www.bizstats.com and www.valueline.com.

For more ways to add value to your company, download your free A/R Checklist to see how simple changes in your A/R process can free up a significant amount of cash.

Operating Cycle Analysis

Strategic CFO Lab Member Extra

Access your Projections Execution Plan in SCFO Lab. The step-by-step plan to get ahead of your cash flow.

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Operating Cycle Analysis

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